It has been three years since the Scrum Guide was last updated by its creators Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber. Now, just in time for its 25th birthday on November 18, it has received an update, the Scrum Guide 2020. In this article, we will present you with the changes to what is probably the most well-known agile framework:
- What is the Scrum Guide?
- Fewer prescriptions, simplified language
- One team
- Sprint Planning: What, how, why?
- One goal for the product
- The relation between goals and artifacts
- Lean thinking
- Conclusion – Scrum Guide 2020
What Is the Scrum Guide?
The Scrum Guide is the official handbook for the most well-known agile framework, authored by its founders Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber. It is designed to help individuals, teams and organizations generate value through adaptive solutions to complex problems. The Scrum Guide 2020 is the 6th edition. Previously, the guide had been updated in the years 2010, 2011, 2013, 2016 and 2017. The subtitle of the current version is “The Definite Guide to Scrum: The Rules of the Game”.
Take a look at the new Scrum Guide 2020.
Fewer Prescriptions, Simplified Language
The creators Schwaber and Sutherland reduced the description of the Scrum Guide 2020 to the framework and its core elements. The reason was that some statements that had found their way into the guide over the years repeatedly caused confusion. In general, Schwaber and Sutherland tried to streamline the new version somewhat and make it easier to understand. Thus, there is now a clearer definition of the Product Backlog. For the Daily Scrum they removed the suggestions for questions the participants might answer during the event – which of course does not mean that you can no longer ask questions.
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The Scrum Guide 2020 version now comprises only 13 pages – therefore, Sutherland and Schwaber have cut it down a lot. Among others, they removed all references to software projects in particular but also any redundancies. In addition, they generalized the wording.
Furthermore, there is only one “Scrum Team” in its entirety now – no more sub-teams. It consists of a Product Owner, the Scrum Master and the “Developers” who now replace the previous “Development Team”. Their goal is to create a releasable increment in each sprint. This change emphasizes that the Scrum Master also carries considerable responsibility for the result. By the way, the term for the Development Team is not the only one that changed with the Scrum Guide 2020. The “roles” became “accountabilities”.
Another change is that the teams are now referred to as “self-managing”. The Scrum Guide 2017 still used the term “self-organizing”. By this, Sutherland and Schwaber want to emphasize that the Scrum Team plans, structures and monitors its work, its processes and the progress independently. All the while, it pursues an overarching goal beyond product development in the alignment to corporate strategy that is set from outside. The stated team size now refers to the entire Scrum Team, instead of the number of developers as was previously the case, and consists of a maximum of 10 people. It should remain as small as possible, yet as large as necessary. For comparison: the development team in the old Scrum Guide 2017 included a maximum of 9 people.
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Sprint Planning: What, How, Why?
To date, Sprint Planning focused on the following questions:
- What do we want to achieve?
- How is the plan for reaching the goal?
To this, the Scrum Guide 2020 adds a further question, namely the why. The answer is provided by the Sprint Goal. The question concerning the goal of the current Sprint should be asked first of all and be kept in mind throughout the entire process.
One Goal for the Product
What is more, the Scrum Guide 2020 makes a clear statement on the goal of product development: through continuous development, the product is supposed to reach a state that is even more valuable while still useful – expressed by the “Product Goal”. What this means: each product can only have one product goal. Until this has been achieved, you cannot define a new one.
The Relation between Goals and Artifacts
The Scrum Guide 2020 is now also more specific in its definition of the Sprint Goal and the Definition of Done. Moreover, there is a new statement regarding this: that the latter are commitments. Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog and Increment each have an associated commitment: the Scrum Team will reach the Product Goal by working on the Product Backlog. The team members will reach the respective Sprint Goal by working through the Sprint Backlog. They ultimately arrive at a finished increment by conforming to the Definition of Done.
Another interesting change in the current Scrum Guide is the reference to a concept which is at the root of many of the basic ideas of modern agile product development; this concept was previously absent from the guide. Lean is based on principles such as simplicity, respect for people and continuous improvement, which are also the foundation of both the work of Scrum Teams and the ongoing development of the Scrum Guide.
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Conclusion: Scrum Guide 2020
This article has introduced you to the most important changes from the Scrum Guide 2017 to the Scrum Guide 2020. Not only has the language been simplified, but also the rules are fewer. What is new among other things are the Product Goal and the questions concerning the “Why” in Sprint Planning. In addition, the goal for the product has been defined more clearly as has the relation between goals and artifacts.
It remains to be seen how Scrum Teams and their Scrum Masters will feel when working with the new Scrum Guide. Do the statements suffice to understand what should matter in the work of Scrum Teams? If not – will they know where to turn for help? Consultants will certainly have a lot to do in this respect, especially if companies are still at the beginning of their agile journey. All the others will probably welcome the fact that the current Scrum Guide contains fewer restrictions and more simplicity.
Give us feedback!
Is there an important revision, which we have missed? What is your opinion of the new Scrum Guide 2020? Please let us know your opinion in the comments below!
Antje Lehmann-Benz (PMP, PMI-ACP, PSM expert / trainer for agile methods)
– Antje Lehmann-Benz, PMP, is a trainer for project management with a particular focus on agile practices and Scrum seminars. Furthermore, she has experience as a software trainer (Jira, Confluence) and consultant. In addition to teaching frameworks and theory, she is experienced in the use of agile games and practical exercises to reinforce the knowledge gained.
Read more about Antje Lehmann-Benz on Linkedin.
Anna Pauels (Content Marketing Professional) – She has worked as a journalist and photographer for the TV stations ARD and ProSieben, as well as newspapers such as Münchner Merkur and tz, and numerous lifestyle magazines. Today, Anna Pauels is a Content Marketing Professional at TPG The Project Group, handling the German, English, and French versions of the blog as well as the social media channels and the monthly newsletter.
You can read more about Anna Pauels on LinkedIn.